About the Author

The Old Main Project is dedicated to telling the building’s proud story through the analysis of excavated remains, oral histories, and historical documents.

In the artifact lab Jessica Griffin patiently works to reconstruct glass bottles removed as sherds during the 1981 Old Main excavation.

Jessica Griffin managed the artifact analysis for the Old Main Project.  Artifacts include glass packaging from foods, beverages, and medicines excavated from a cistern located beneath the south entry of the Old Main building. The process involved the identification, inventory, organization, cataloging and description of glass sherds and bottles in the Illinois State Museum Old Main collection.  Jessica investigated each glass item based on distinctive characteristics and compared these to the 1906 and 1920 Illinois Glass Company catalogs. When possible, she found images of the complete bottles, and incorporated them into her comprehensive analysis, which was used for the final interpretation.

Jessica began her research of Old Main by conducting oral history interviews with Illinois State University alums and former faculty for the Old Main Project.  She also made the material culture from the Old Main building the subject of her master’s thesis in historical archaeology.  Jessica’s thesis focuses on the analysis of the remains from consumer goods, which were deposited by the University community members in the underground cisterns of Old Main. In her thesis, Jessica answered research questions about the diet and medicinal practices of the students, faculty and staff who attended ISU from 1860 to 1932.

The analysis of the glass packaging found that food packaging was the largest group in the assemblage, with 36% of the glass artifacts originating from food products.  Pharmaceutical products comprised 26% of the assemblage, 13% were ink bottles, 6% were alcohol bottles, and 4% were soda bottles.  Jessica also used Geographic Information Systems technology to map the archaeological site and map the place of origin for the artifacts.

She used the oral history interviews, and historical research conducted with assistance from the University archive, to interpret the results of the analysis of glass artifacts and other consumer goods excavated during the 1980s. Building on the work of the excavator, Keith Barr (1983), she examined consumer choices, food culture and campus life at ISU from 1860 to 1932.

Jessica presented the findings from her master’s thesis research, In the Shadow of Old Main: Campus Life, Consumer Choice and Foodways at Illinois State Normal University from 1860 to 1932, at the 2010 annual meeting of the Illinois Archaeological Survey.  She also presented at the Midwest Archaeological Conference in 2011 and at the Society for Historical Archaeology’s 2012 conference.

Suggested Citation:

Griffin, Jessica D. “Old Main Artifacts.” Old Main Artifacts. WordPress.com.  https://oldmainartifacts.wordpress.com/

Note: This website is meant for non profit, educational purposes only.  Many images are displayed that I do not own.  If you own the copyright for an image displayed and want it removed from this site, please let me know and I will be happy to remove it. 

15 Responses to About the Author

  1. Gloria J Gilcher says:

    Jessica; I have a bottle like the one pictured of the delicious flavoring extract. What year or years was this manufactured?

  2. Edna says:

    My husband found one of the old bottles just like the one shown. Chamberlain’s colic.cholera diarrhea remedy . the bottle is almost perfect, has a chip on the top. we were wondering how old it might be and if it is worth anything.

    • Jessica says:

      The artifacts featured here were excavated and not purchased. I cannot make any claims to offer accurate appraisals, but for my own knowledge I look at sold listings on ebay to ascertain what others have paid for the item.

  3. Dylan says:

    Hi Jessica,
    Great web site! I was doing some research on my old bushmills whiskey bottle and I was brought here. Your caption for that photo reads “1784.” Is that date referring to the bottle itself or a reference to the company’s history?

    Thanks for sharing. I bet that was a fun project

    • Jessica says:

      Thanks for the great question. The year 1784 appears on the bottle and references the year The Bushmills Old Distillery Company itself was established.
      “The area has a long tradition with distillation. According to one story, as far back as 1276, an early settler called Sir Robert Savage of Ards, before defeating the Irish in battle, fortified his troops with “a mighty drop of acqua vitae”. In 1608, a license was granted to Sir Thomas Phillipps by King James I to distill whiskey. The Bushmills Old Distillery Company itself was not established until 1784 by Hugh Anderson.” Source:

  4. Adreian Bowen says:

    I need help with a bottle I’ve found. Reached out to someone else and have a date of 1920 or before. Can’t find an email for you to send photos.

  5. Doug Smith says:

    Jessica, your article of the history of the Indianapolis Brewing Co. is excellent. I happen to have an old amber Indianapolis Brewing Co. bottle but it does not have the U.S.A. at the bottom. Every one I have seen online does have the U.S.A. There is an “M” stamped on the bottom of the bottle. Is this one significant?
    Thank you,

  6. Joe says:

    Hi Jessia,

    I’m a librarian at the Cook Memorial Public Library District and I’m currently writing a blog post about the history of patent medicine in the area. I know you say you don’t own most of the images you use, but just so I’m at least asking someone, would it be all right if I use some of the images from your post on Dr Pierce’s Favorite Prescription?

    We are a non-for-profit institution, the image would be used for educational purposes only, and of course I would cite the museum as its source. My deadline isn’t for a while, but if you could get back to me sooner rather than latter I’d really appreciate it.

    Thank you,

    • Jessica says:

      Hello, it would be fine with me for you to use the images found here, but as you noted, I don’t own any image copyrights, except for those of the bottles in the collection. I use all other images under the non-commercial educational exception to copyright and do not receive any monetary benefit for running this blog. The ads that may appear on this blog pay revenue to WordPress and not to me. If you want to use a particular image for a commercial purpose, then you may need to find more information about the copyright owner. Thanks for visiting!

  7. John Hinkel says:

    Jessica- A couple of sites that might help you in your research, if you don’t already know of them.
    sha.org/bottle {Society of Historical Archeologist) and FOHBC.org (Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors). I enjoy your site. John hINKel: collector of Paper Labeled Master Inks

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